Ancient history records mention that a village named Isabar to the east of Dal was the residence of goddess Durga. The depth ratio between the maximum and minimum depths varies with the season between 0.29 and 0.25, which is interpreted as flat bed slope. The floating gardens are known for the lotus flowers that blossom during the months of July and August. From the fountains, water flows along the floor of the pavilion and cascades to a lower terrace over a drop of 5 metres (16 ft) along a polished black stone chute. The water table cuts the hill slopes, which is evidenced by the occurrence of numerous springs in the valley. Unlike the houseboats of Kerala, houseboats on the Dal Lake are usually stationary. [5][31] Phytoplanktons include Navicula radiosa, Nitzschia accicularis, Fragilaria crotonensis, Diatoma elongatum, Scenedesmus bijuga, Pediastrum duplex, Tetraedron minimum, Microcystis aeruginosa and Merismopedia elegans. ALSO READ Yousmarg: An unexplored hilly heaven near Srinagar which you should visit this season. The floating gardens are known as ‘Rad’ in Kashmiri language. [5] Zooplankton found in the lake include Keratella cochlearis, K. serrulata, Polyactis vulgaris, Brachionus plicatilis, Monostyla bulla, Alona monocantha, Cyclops ladakanus and Mesocyclops leukarti. It is also regarded as sacred by Buddhists. However, he only erected the outer wall of the fort and his plans to build a new capital called Naga Nagor within it did not materialise. Zee Entertainment Enterprises Limited. Studies of the water quality of the lake in 1983–84 indicate a decline in quality since the 1965–66 analysis. Seekh Tuji is another popular delicacy found in the street stalls of Khayam Road. [29], The faunal distribution consists of Zooplanktons, Benthos and Fish. The Hazratbal Shrine (Urdu: حضرت بل‎, literally: Majestic Place), also named Hazratbal, Assar-e-Sharief, or simply Dargah Sharif,[37] is a Muslim shrine situated on the left bank of the Dal and is considered to be Kashmir's holiest Muslim shrine. [11] The restoration and rehabilitation measures envisaged under the "Conservation and Management of Dal" are under various stages of implementation with the funds allocated by the Government of India for the purpose. Navigational channels provide the transportation links to all the five basins.[5][6][23]. The Shankaracharya Temple is also known as the Jyeshteshwara Temple. Get the list and detail information on major lakes in India. [5], Floating gardens, labelled the 'Rad' in tye Kashmiri language are a special feature of the lake. Quantitatively, fifteen drains and several other sources have released a total of 156.62 tonnes (56.36 tonnes by drains alone) of phosphorus, and 241.18 tonnes of inorganic nitrogen into the lake from a discharge of 11.701 million cubic metres /year. as seen in 1868. Right: A florist's shikara boat in Nageen Lake, Public interest litigations and restoration works, "Dal Lake Facts & Information - Beautiful World Travel Guide", "Conservation and Management Plan for Dal- Nigeen Lake", "Restoring the Dal Lake to its original glory", "Surfacae tension" War over city lakes is heating up", Muslim conquests in the Indian subcontinent, Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019, Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party, Jammu and Kashmir Public Safety Act, 1978, Jammu & Kashmir International Cricket Stadium, United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan, Indian Armed Forces and the Jammu and Kashmir floods, 2014, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dal_Lake&oldid=999016743, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles using infobox body of water without alt, Articles using infobox body of water without pushpin map alt, Articles using infobox body of water without image bathymetry, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2012, Articles containing Kashmiri-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Inflow Channel Telbal Nallah from Marsar lake −291.9 million cubic metres, Regulated, two channels (Dal Gate and Nalla Amir) – 275.6 million cubic metres, This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 02:51. The lake has numerous sites and places of interest, many of which are important to the cultural heritage of Srinagar. Log into your account Due to neglect, only three tombstones are currently visible, one of which bears an inscription that is only partially legible. The committee is under obligation to post feedback of progression developments from time to time, directly to the Supreme Court. Fisheries and the harvesting of food and fodder plants are also important on Dal. Zoom Earth shows live weather satellite images updated in near real-time, and the best high-resolution aerial views of the Earth in a fast, zoomable map. Dalgate is controlled by a weir and lock system. Srinagar is a foodie’s delight. The causes for such deterioration have been identified and remedial actions have been initiated. Within the fort's precincts are temples, Muslim shrines, and a Sikh Gurudwara. and Tubifex sp. Book your tickets online for Dal Lake, Srinagar: See 4,106 reviews, articles, and 4,130 photos of Dal Lake, ranked No.3 on Tripadvisor among 64 attractions in Srinagar. Rampant tourism and population growth have increased pollution levels of the lake. [5][6][23] The main basin draining the lake is a complex of five interconnected basins with causeways; the Nehru Park basin, the Nishat basin, the Hazratbal basin, the Nigeen basin and the Barari Nambal basin. It is named after Crystal Lake, a lake located 1.6 miles (2.6 km) west-southwest of downtown. Other macrophytes discerned in different zones of the lake include Typho angustata, Phragmites australis, Myriophyllum, Sparganium evectum and Myriophyllum verticillatum, which contribute to the production of macrophites. Since 1934, some important changes have been observed in the lake's biota, including a reduction in the number of Chara species, and an increase in the area covered by Salvinia since 1937. [8][24] The dendritic drainage pattern of the catchment signifies that its rock strata have low levels of porosity. Following the Mughal, Afghan, Sikh and Dogra rule, the place has earned the epithet, "Jewel in the crown of Kashmir". [5] Scientific research over the years also reveal that Telbal, Botkal, and sewage drains are responsible for a substantial influx of nitrogen and phosphorus into the lake. The … Euronews is the leading international news channel covering ALSO SEE Honeymoon in Srinagar: Your romantic getaway in Jammu and Kashmir. It is also reported that Cyprinus, introduced during early sixties, is dominant and that the indigenous species Schizothorax is showing a declining trend. The flat topography also affects drainage conditions. Kashmiri carpets, wooden…, It is the main festival of the town when artists from all over the country…. [5], The fishing industry on Dal is the second largest industry in the region and is central to many of the people's livelihoods who reside on the lake's periphery. Lokut-dal and Bod-dal each have an island in the centre, known as Rup Lank (or Char Chinari) and Sona Lank respectively. Map of the Lake About DLAI Lake Stewardship Meetings Photos Links Contact Us Welcome! 3,576 likes. As a result, carp constitutes 70% of all the fish caught in the lake while the schizothonax constitutes 20% and other species account for 10%. [citation needed] This place was known as Sureshwari on the bank of the lake, which was sourced by a spring called the Satadhara. [5] In addition, a moratorium has been imposed on new construction works close to the lakefront, including the building of new house boats. SRINAGAR: A man died on Saturday late evening after he slipped from his own house boat at world famous Dal Lake near Nehru Park Srinagar. Some of the measures undertaken for rehabilitating the lake to bring it to its original eutrophication free status involved measures such as construction of siltation tanks, mechanical weeding, regrouping of houseboats, deepening of outflow channel and removal of bunds and barricades, including some floating gardens. To address this, water balance studies to analyse and assess the characteristics of flow have been conducted in order to approximate the discharge contributed by the springs in the lake bed. [12][25], The shallow, open-drainage lake is fed by Dachigam-Telbal Nallah (with perennial flow), Dara Nallah ('Nallah' means "stream") and many other small streams. The PILs have sought injunctions of the court for setting up of an integrated ring sewage system encircling the Lake; release of funds by the Government of India to undertake measures to check pollution and to inaugurate a High Powered Committee to monitor proper utilisation of the allotted funds. Some historians report that the temple was actually a Buddhist temple during the Buddhist era which was then changed into Hindu site of worship by Adi Shankaracharya. and Potamogeton natans, all of which occupy 29.2% of the lake. Lokut Dal is also known as Rup Lank and Char Chinari. The temple dates to 200 BC, although the present structure probably dates to the 9th century AD. [32] Dal's commercial fisheries are particularly reliant on carp fish species, which were introduced into the lake in 1957. The lake is shallow with a depth of around 6m and it currently has an area of around 16 sq km although it has previously covered an area of around 22 sq km. The major environmental problem facing the lake is eutrophication, which has required immediate remedial measures to combat it. About Dal Lake Srinagar Reckoned to be the pride of Kashmir tourism, Dal Lake is the most popular attraction in Srinagar. The National Highway NH1A connects the Kashmir valley with rest of the country. [5][6][24] The lake has e basin hava shore length of 15.5 kilometres (9.6 mi) and roads run all along the periphery. It also serves as a flood lung of the Jhelum River. India has a large number of beautiful lakes and great rivers spread all over the country, from Kashmir to Kerala and from Rajasthan to Assam. See more of Dal Lake Holidays on Facebook Log In Forgot account? The hill is the subject of many legends in Hindu mythology, and was said to have once been a large sea, inhabited by a demon known as Jalobhava and that the hill grew from a pebble.[35][36]. Crystal Lake is a city located in southeastern McHenry County in northeastern Illinois, in the Chicago suburbs. [39] A shikara is small paddled taxi boat, often about 15 feet (4.6 m) long) and made of wood with a canopy and a spade shaped bottom. The lake is actually formed from five lake basins these being the Nehru Park, Nishat, Hazratbal, Nagin and Brari. Its source located above the Nehru Memorial Park. The lake is bounded by the Shankaracharya hill (Takht-e-Suleiman) on the south and Hari Parbat on the west and is located at the foot of the Zabarwan hills. Enclosed by splendid Pir Panjal mountains and Mughal Gardens, this must-see place is ideal for family Given its rich nutrient properties, tomatoes, cucumbers and melons are grown with noteworthy results. This place was known as Sureshwari on the bank of the lake, which was sourced by a spring called the Satadhara. Hosting is supported by … Fishermen had to broke the ice on Dal lake in Srinagar, in Indian-administered Kashmir, after it partially froze over following fresh snowfall. Each houseboat has an exclusive shikara for ferrying guests to the shore. The lake, which lies to the east and north of Srinagar city covers an area of 18 square kilometres (6.9 sq mi), although including the floating gardens of lotus blooms, it is 21.2 square kilometres (8.2 sq mi) (an estimated figure of 22–24 square kilometres (8.5–9.3 sq mi) is also mentioned). The complex land use pattern of the valley is reflected in the urbanised Srinagar in its north, with rice fields, orchards and gardens in the lower slopes, and barren hills beyond steep sloping hills. Right: Chasme Shahi under renovation, Left: Shankaracharya Temple built in 220 BC. The best views of the lake can be seen from the Shalimar Garden and Nishat Garden that were built during the reign of Mughal Emperor, Jehangir. [34] Non-point sources, such as seepage and diffused runoff, also add to this pollution and have been recorded as further adding 4.5 tonnes of total phosphates and 18.14 tonnes of nitrogen (NO3–N and NH4–N) to the lake. Shikaras provide a water taxi service available to see the sights in the Dal and to approach the houseboats moored on the lake periphery. Mazar-e-Shura (Kashmiri: मज़ार-ए-शायरा, Urdu: مزارِ شُعاراء‎; transliteration: Mazār-i Shuʿārā, translation: The Cemetery of Poets) is a cemetery on a small hill by the main road in Dalgate, an area of Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir in India. Staying on a houseboat provides a unique experience. [5][8], The serious nature of the environmental problems the lake has been experienced has been widely publicised and has been brought to the attention of the Supreme Court of India. During winter, it gets extremely cold. [6][9][10][11][12], Dal is mentioned as Mahasarit (Sanskrit-महासरित्) in ancient Sanskrit texts. include Chironomus sp. Dal Lake is lined by gardens built in the Mughal era and many parks. [6][9], The lake covers an area of 18 square kilometres (6.9 sq mi) and is part of a natural wetland which covers 21.1 square kilometres (8.1 sq mi), including its floating gardens. [5] Alarmingly, the size of the lake has shrunk from its original area of 22 square kilometres (8.5 sq mi) to the present area of 18 square kilometres (6.9 sq mi), and there is a concerning rate of sediment deposition due to catchment area degradation. The Dal Lake is divided into four basins, Bod Dal, Nagin (also a separate lake), Gagribal and Lokut Dal. The Dachigam Telbal Nallah system is conjectured to follow two major lineaments. To Dal Lake are approachable through shikaras extracted and converted into large residential complexes to use the site you! Blossom during the months of July and August pipeline to the flow, although the present structure dates. The lakefront have also evolved 22 Km2 Srinagar Jammu and … Please submit suggested revisions to www @ dal.ca luxury. 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