Kenaf has typical hibiscus flowers, 3 to 4 inches in diameter. Hemp Inc. has three 50 acre crops near the plant in N. Carolina. A four-ton yield is considered good for hemp. Kenaf seed has been the waste part of kenaf plant. It has also been a promising raw material for paper, pulp and a lot more fiber products. Linerboard, corrugated board made from kenaf pulp (from mechanical or chemical processes using both the whole kenaf stem or separated fibres). Kenaf, still fairly new to international trade, is used mainly for cordage, canvas, and sacking but is receiving increased consideration for other products, such as newsprint and carpet-backing yarn. The seeds are aphrodisiac. x�b```f``������r�A��2,@����п�Q������P��=xVpJ�2 �R� R"��8�#n(f`�d �f�M�?�0�c�a�\c��c`������y��iF�Sx.4�\ ` ��s 0000031556 00000 n Read the magazine story to find out more.. A New Use for Kenaf By Jan Suszkiw July 3, 2002. While an acre of natural forest requires 30 to 40 years to produce 5 to 6 usable fibers, kenaf’s growing season is less than a year. Unlike hemp, kenaf is legal to grow, and is currently in development as a raw material source for paper production in the U.S. It has been a source of fiber for many cultures throughout decades of time. Watch our progress on Hemp Inc. Presents and connect with us on Social Media. The best part of this plant is that it is entirely legal. Kenaf is one of the allied fibres of jute and shows similar characteristics. Kenaf is a plant in the Malvaceae family also called Deccan hemp and Java jute. Tamil Name : Pulicha Keerai. Some cultivars have split leaves, very much like marijuana (Cannabis sativa), from which it derived its species name cannabinus. During a single growing cycle, each hectare of kenaf consumes the same amount of carbon dioxide which 20 cars emit in one year,” he said. It produces pulp much faster than pine which takes about 15years to mature. startxref The kenaf seed oil is also used in cosmetics, industrial lubricants and for biofuel production. 0000000799 00000 n %PDF-1.4 %���� Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L., Malvaceae) is a warm season annual fiber crop closely related to cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L., Malvaceae) and okra (Abelmoschus esculentusL., Malvaceae) that can be successfully produced in a large portion of the United States, particularly in the southern states. 0000001584 00000 n If you are looking for an interesting way to honor cannabis, but you’re only able to grow legal plants, add a cranberry hibiscus to your yard or garden. They are added to the diet in order to promote weight increase. 0000001062 00000 n Kenaf International owns and operates a fiber separation mill and is the only domestic producer of seed. Malay Name : Kenaf. 1.13 : Cellulose for chemical uses. Click image for caption and other photo information. Kenaf fiber is one of the famous natural fibers used as a reinforcement in polymer matrix composites (PMC). The plants core (the hurd) is one of the most absorbent materials on the planet, just like hemp. Kenaf grows up to a height of 3-4 metres within a period of 120-150 days, and is then ready for harvesting. It is a non-woody annual with a short life circle of 100-130 days. 0000004618 00000 n kenaf tea leaves kenaf tea sealed Prior art date 2000-01-21 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Interested in green business and stopping global warming? The ratio of the core to bast is 65:35% of the whole stem weight. Kenaf (hibiscus cannabinus) is an annual, non-wood fiber plant that is indigenous to central Africa. Kenaf oil is high in omega polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) which are now known to help in keeping humans healthy. 22 0 obj<> endobj %%EOF Kenaf yields are greater than hemp yields, therefore providing a more cost effective raw material. Chinese Name : “Yang Ma” (foreign hemp) Grown in Egypt more than 6000 years ago, Kenaf was used to make the “sackcloth” that you read about in the Bible. It … Did you know that there is a non-wood plant that produces up to 11 tones of usable fibre annually? The name also applies to the fibre obtained from this plant. 0000002662 00000 n It has also been a promising raw material for paper, pulp and a lot more fiber products. This ornamental plant is very popular in Florida. The plants core (the hurd) is one of the most absorbent materials on the planet, just like hemp. 0000000016 00000 n The highest growth rate may up to 10 cm/day. This plant has very beautiful flowers, however the leaves look very similar to hemp and it grows like it too. Kenaf is a member of the mallow (Malvaceae) family, with okra and cotton as relatives. Speaks on Processing Industrial Hemp at the Progressive 15 Hemp Expo in Akron, CO, State’s first industrial hemp license goes to a Southern Oregon man, Hemp, Inc. to Sponsor 1st Annual Ascent Expo in LA. It requires less energy and chemicals to grow and process. 0000000576 00000 n It was imported to Russia in the 19th century. The major difference between these two extremely similar plants is that kenaf is a legal crop. Kenaf yields six to ten tons per acre annually. As the commercial use of kenaf continues to diversify from its historical role as a cordage crop (rope, twine, and sackclo… This hemp and kenaf processing plant is the only one of this size and sets Hemp Inc. as the leader in the industry in America. Kenaf plants grown in dense stands are largely unbranched and grow to a height of 8 to 14 ft and under certain conditions will reach 20 ft. “Kenaf absorbs more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere than any other crop. Industrial Hemp Is Sweeping America in the News, Hemp Inc. Kenaf is grown most widely in India, where the plant was first cultivated; more than 300,000 hectares (ha) were cultivated there in 1970. The precious plant is considered a hardy plant requiring a minimum of pesticides, fertilizers and water in contrast to conventional row crops. 1.12 : Hardboard panels made from whole stems or separated fibres. 0 Later, as the first hemp crops are harvested in N. Carolina in 2016, Hemp, Inc. will begin processing industrial hemp. Hemp flower is legal on a federal level, it’s up to each individual state to determine their own hemp laws. Kenaf. It is a strong natural fiber that is actually better than wood fiber. 0000001157 00000 n Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.) 0000000933 00000 n There are many natural industrial products that can be made from the kenaf plant. Every hectare of kenaf consumes 30-40 tons of carbon dioxide during each growing cycle. <<7ef0a031e5709f4f8379d9555bb42e7b>]>> This helps curb the growing environmental pollution caused by chemical fertilizers and even the pesticides used in the large-scale farming. They are creamy white with a deep magenta to bordeaux-redcenter. If you live in a state where hemp flower is explicitly stated to be illegal then ordering and possessing hemp flower is considered illegal and you tisk legal charges and fines. 0000002399 00000 n 1.11 : Lining for roofs in feltpaper. The plant is fibrous, tall and slender and looks similar to flax or kenaf. Kenaf is cultivated for its fiber in India, Bangladesh, U.S., Indonesia, Malaysia, South Africa, Viet Nam, Thailand, and parts of Africa, and to a small extent in southeast Europe. Kenaf definition is - an African hibiscus (Hibiscus cannabinus) widely cultivated for its fiber; also : the fiber used especially for making paper and cordage. The fiber in Kenaf is found in the bast (bark) and core (wood). The plant is grown in small areas of Uzbekistan. endstream endobj 23 0 obj<> endobj 25 0 obj<> endobj 26 0 obj<> endobj 27 0 obj<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/ExtGState<>>> endobj 28 0 obj<> endobj 29 0 obj<> endobj 30 0 obj<> endobj 31 0 obj<> endobj 32 0 obj<> endobj 33 0 obj<>stream Kenaf, known as Hibiscus cannabimus L., is an herbaceous annual plant that grows in a wide range of weather conditions, growing more than 3 m within 3 months (Nishino et al., 2003). 0000002763 00000 n The plant is known as kenaf. Kenaf fiber is an ideal for the Kenaf Fiber Industry. Kenaf International in McAllen, Texas, has been in kenaf research and development for more than 15 years and was the private partner in a cooperative venture with USDA which demonstrated commercial viability of kenaf newsprint in 1987. Hemp, Inc. will begin processing kenaf in its Tamafa Decortication Plant. Kenaf together with hemp have been a source of textile fiber for products like ropes, rugs, bagging and twine. Kenaf [etymology: Persian], Hibiscus cannabinus, is a plant in the family Malvaceae also called Deccan hemp and Java jute. The leaf shape is varied. 24 0 obj<>stream It grows very fast, and thanks to the recent Farm Bill it is now legal … Herb: Kenaf Latin name: Hibiscus cannabinus Family: Malvaceae (Mallow Family) Medicinal use of Kenaf: The juice of the flowers, mixed with sugar and black pepper, is used in the treatment of biliousness with acidity. 0000002130 00000 n H. cannabinus is a common wild plant in most African countries south of the Sahara. Kenaf Community has 568 members. The bast constitutes 40% of the plant. The first harvest is underway and is set to be processed in the new sophisticated plant. xref 22 14 Hibiscus cannabinus is in the genus Hibiscus and is native to southern Asia, though its exact origin is unknown. H��W]s�6}�Wh�It��y܏N���v6��>[Gr%9,��{�d�C���NfvK���sϽNY�?�\�r���܌�r�ܰ�t���,�C9(V���j���r�N��o2Oqv1�I��z���'��x�V�����0�I-J&t�n�c=\�3��$�)�J�t�V����ګ�����d�TYJ+u.ϒl������8�f�ڌ��G�i8�~:�jg�c����� �ɂ��߫_)�YL�*�&��)�^s�C#K&�pr���N�;��)��+��;���R�|�?O����ƛ��g;$��R�:��^@Kx�"�d^ +�i��Γ�. While hemp fiber production is considerably less. 0000000892 00000 n 8. The stem's outer bark contains the long soft bast fibers which are useful for cordage and textiles. Prompted by the ratification of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) and the coming into force of the ASEAN free trade agreement, … The kenaf stem is divided into two separate parts, the bark or bast containing relatively long fibres and the stem containing short fibres, called the core. Results based on morphologyand chemical analysis indicate that bast and core fiber fractions in the kenaf are significantly different, although the chemical composition of kenaf is quite similar to the woody mass. Kenaf seed oil contains a high percentage of linoleic acid (Omega-6) a … Kenaf together with hemp have been a source of textile fiber for products like ropes, rugs, bagging and twine. This is because eventually the chemicals find their way to the rivers, oceans and underground waters. Kenaf fiber can and is being used in industries looking for a sustainable and superior fiber for various applications. Hemp produces a much higher yield per acre when compared to conventional alternatives like cotton, and it requires fewer pesticides. Kenaf is fast growing, can be cultivated in most climates, regenerates the soil, and is unencumbered by the legal challenges faced by cannabis and industrial hemp production. KENAF is a type of hemp fiber native to east-central Africa where it has been grown for several thousand years for food and fiber. It is a natural blend of short and long fibers similar to the hardwood-softwood blends used in most papers. It is also used in particle, hard, and insulation boards, compression-molded products, laminates production, etc. trailer Kenaf bast and core fibers are used as reinforcing fiber in bio-composites. Hemp is a unique cannabis Sativa L plant variety that contains less than 1% of THC, which is a psychoactive ingredient. Right before it blooms, kenaf plants produce leaves that look a lot like cannabis leaves. Uses of Kenaf Kenaf is a source of cellulose fiber for the production of pulp and paper. However, other varieties have roundish broad leaves. Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) family Malvaceae, is a tall annual herbaceous woody tropical plant, which has attracted considerable attention as a multipurpose plant having great potential for fiber, energy, and feedstock. Kenaf is also grown in China, Iran, Brazil, the United States, and other countries. This case study analyses the government-funded introduction of kenaf as an alternative to tobacco in Malaysia. Unofficially referred to as the “hemp cousin”, (due to the similarities) kenaf is a fiber plant from the Hibiscus cannabinus L. family. Origin is unknown kenaf is a common wild plant in the genus hibiscus and is then ready for harvesting large-scale. Most absorbent materials on the planet, just like hemp 4 inches diameter... 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