The largest non-Muslim minority is Christians and make up 2.3% of the population. S. (2009). There are a few famous hill stations, including Murree, Bhurban, Patriata and Fort Munro. Are we to live or perish forever? In the subsequent centuries, Punjab was invaded and conquered by the Ghaznavids, Ghurids, Delhi Sultanate, Mughals, Durranis and the Sikhs. The following list sorts all the cities in the Pakistani province of Punjab with a population of more than 100,000 according to the 2017 Census.As of March 15, 2017, 58 cities fulfill this criterion and are listed here. The cities of Taxila (Takṣaśilā) at Sirsukh and Peshawar were built. It was then that the start of a Punjabi Sikh Empire began. Trade and people-to-people contacts through the Wagah border are now starting to become common. Sie gehören zur Gruppe der Biradaris. Ranjit Singh made Lahore his capital and formed a sophisticated Sikh Empire which lasted from 1799 to 1849. The province has been strongly influenced by Sufism, with numerous Sufi shrines spread across Punjab which attract millions of devotees annually. population by mother tongue. Folk songs and dances of the Punjab reflect a wide range of moods: the rains, sowing and harvesting seasons. Zilla Council. The Indo-Scythians ultimately established a kingdom in the northwest south Asia, based near Taxila, with two great Satraps, one in Mathura in the east, and one in Surastrene (Gujarat) in the southwest. 1972, 1981, 1998, 2017 census. Oxford University Press. Since the 1950s, Punjab industrialised rapidly. The kingdom was founded when the Graeco-Bactrian king Demetrius invaded the subcontinent early in the 2nd century BC. Population of Pakistan: today, historical, and projected population, growth rate, immigration, median age. Hot weather (April to June) when temperature rises as high as 110 °F (43 °C). ... Indian Punjab shares its border with the Pakistani Punjab. The pictured wall of Lahore Fort is the last line in the tile-work in the entire world. There are 39,033 small and cottage industrial units. The undivided Punjab region was home to six rivers, of which five flow through Pakistan's Punjab province. un-employment rates. The Muslim musicians have contributed a large number of ragas to the repository of classical music. City District Government. Punjab also contains part of the Thal and Cholistan deserts. In 2003, the province manufactured 90% of the paper and paper boards, 71% of the fertilizers, 69% of the sugar and 40% of the cement of Pakistan.[84]. "[28] The Persians later referred to the region as Punjab after the Muslim conquests, which also means "Land of the five rivers. The population of the provinces, federal territories, districts and agencies. 1,156,957 ( Hafizabad District) – 11,126,285 ( Lahore District) Government. Gondophares, founder of the Indo-Parthian kingdom, was a ruler of Seistan in what is today eastern Iran, probably a vassal or relative of the Apracarajas. The city was third in Pakistan behind Karachi ($78 billion) and Lahore ($40 billion). Punjab health officials said Thursday that the government has prepared a three-stage plan to inoculate the province's population of over 110 million against the coronavirus. info)) is the maist populous province o Pakistan, wi approximately 56% o the kintra's tot population. In August the oppressive heat is punctuated by the rainy season, referred to as barsat, which brings relief in its wake. In 1818 Nawab Muzaffar Khan was killed by the Sikhs at the Battle of Multan after putting up stout resistance for many years. Punjab borders Jammu and Kashmir in the north, and the Indian states of Punjab and Rajasthan to the east. Gandhara was conquered by the Achaemenid Empire in the 6th century BC. literacy ratio by sex . Islamic Republic of Pakistan. The onset of the southwest monsoon is anticipated to reach Punjab by May, but since the early 1970s, the weather pattern has been irregular. The use of Urdu and English as the near exclusive languages of broadcasting, the public sector, and formal education have led some to fear that Punjabi in Pakistan is being relegated to a low-status language and that it is being denied an environment where it can flourish. The crafts in the Punjab are of two types: the crafts produced in the rural areas and the royal crafts. Multan (Punjab, Pakistan): 2.6 million. Kanishka was a great patron of the Buddhist faith; Buddhism spread to Central Asia and the Far East across Bactria and Sogdia, where his empire met the Han Empire of China. The name of the Gandhāris is attested in the Rigveda (RV 1.126.7[39]) and in ancient inscriptions dating back to Achaemenid Persia. ", This article is about the Pakistani province of Punjab. . [citation needed]. 3. Punjab, Pakistan: 80 million (95% Muslims). Entrance Examinations (PU, DU, KU, HPU, AIL, Pbi. Administrative Division. Although official estimates rarely place the temperature above 46 °C, newspaper sources claim that it reaches 51 °C and regularly carry reports about people who have succumbed to the heat. Lahore (Punjab, Pakistan): population 10.5 million. Last collected in the year 2011, the population, at that point, stood at a reported 176,745,364. He told the meeting that the provision of … Colourful festivals are held at the time of Besakhi when farmers are free to enjoy their leisure time. Total Population. 22 of the 36 regions were united by Maharaja Ranjit Singh, with the other 14 accepting British sovereignty. Guijranwala (Punjab, Pakistan): 2.57 million. Punjab oder Pandschab (Panjabi und Urdu پنجاب) ist die bevölkerungsreichste Provinz Pakistans.Sie umfasst den pakistanischen Teil der Großlandschaft Punjab, hat eine Fläche von 205.344 km² und laut dem Zensus von 2017 110.012.442 Einwohner (2017).Die Hauptstadt Punjabs ist Lahore.In der Provinz lebt mehr als die Hälfte der pakistanischen Bevölkerung. 1951; reprint 1989), Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency ..., Volume 1, Part 1-page-11, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, For a detailed account of the battle fought, see Chapter VI of, Mortimer, Edward, Faith and Power, (1982), p.68-70. Faisalabad (Punjab, Pakistan): population: 5.28 million. The Punjab Mineral Development Corporation is running over a hundred economically viable projects. Home → Asia. It forms a part of the folk music through mystic messages. The Chief Secretary in turn, reports to the Chief Minister. Temperature goes down as low as 40 °F (4 °C). Punjab is Pakistan's most industrialised province with the industrial sector making up 24% of the province's gross domestic product. Punjab has been the cradle of civilisation since time immemorial. The primary cities of Gandhara were Puruṣapura (Peshawar), Takṣaśilā (Taxila), and Pushkalavati (Charsadda). [50] In 1821 Syed Ahmad Barelvi spent two years organizing popular and material support for his Punjab campaign. Between 711 and 713 CE, 18-year-old Arab Sultan Muhammad bin Qasim came to the region to defeat Raja Dahir, conquering the Sindh and Punjab areas and bringing Islam to the region for the first time. Cotton and rice are important crops. The other minorities include Ahmadiyya, Hindus, Sikhs, Parsis and Baháʼís. km) 236 persons. Total Population of Pakistan is 207774520. "Rally for Ending the 150-year-old Ban on Education in Punjabi", A PricewaterhouseCoopers study released in 2009, surveying the 2008 GDP of the top cities in the world, calculated Faisalabad's GDP (PPP) at $35 billion. Akbar established two of his original twelve subahs (imperial top-level provinces) in Punjab: After the death of the last great Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, in 1707, Mughal authority significantly weakened but didn't totally vanish despite Nadir Shah's invasion in 1739. It contains several major cities of the country: Lahore, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Multan and Gujranwala. Punjab's region temperature ranges from −2° to 45 °C, but can reach 50 °C (122 °F) in summer and can touch down to −10 °C in winter. Mosques abound all over Punjab and vary in architectural style. Notes: a. The main activities on these special occasions are confined to congregational prayers and rituals. [18] Punjab is also one of South Asia's most urbanised regions with approximately 40% of people living in urban areas. [24] Several UNESCO World Heritage Sites are located in Punjab, including the Shalimar Gardens, the Lahore Fort, the archaeological excavations at Taxila, and the Rohtas Fort.[25]. Punjab ist ein Vielvölkerstaat. Attaining self-sufficiency in agriculture has shifted the focus of the strategies towards small and medium farming, stress on barani areas, farms-to-market roads, electrification for tube-wells and control of water logging and salinity. As per conclusion, the population of Punjab in 2020 as … A coalition was formed against Alexander by the Cathians, the people of Multan, who were very skilful in war. This number came from a report that was published by the World Bank in 2012. population by religion. According to the 1998 census, the population of the province is 7,25,85,000. 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